God : Abba or Rabb ?

Thursday, November 7, 2013
Christians regard the Muslim God as distance, inaccessible and impersonal.
The article compares the Christian name of God , Abba at one of the most 
common name of God in the Koran , Rabb , extract its meaning and usage
Abba Bible
Christians refer to God as Father in his beliefs , prayers and liturgy. God, the Father , is considered one of the three persons of the Trinity. They believe that the Father has a Son , Jesus. Christians believe that they need to talk to a personal relationship with the Father and the Son . Abba is said to be the transliteration of the Aramaic word for father. Still used as a direct address to God the Father . It appears three times in the New Testament and once in a gospel . In Mark 14:36 ​​("Abba , Father, all things are possible") . The other two cases are in the letters of Paul in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:06 .

A great debate between Christians and Jewish writers in the nature of God as a parent or abba ( the Aramaic word for father ) . The debate began with a German Lutheran scholar Joachim Jeremias , wrote in his book , "Prayer of Jesus " , translated by John Bowden . Their main argument is repeated in slightly modified forms most Christians . Edward Schillebeeckx has become popular among Catholics in his book " Jesus. " God

Jeremiah essentially saying is, first, " abba " is a special use of Jesus standing in the center of his teaching , on the other hand, as Jesus expressed a particular type of intimacy and tenderness that arises from the origin of the word " Abba " baby talk , the third, which was different from the practice of Judaism . His argument was that Jesus was referring to God as Abba is not derived from the OT or Jewish Palestine . Instead, she represents his unique relationship with the "Father " . Therefore, some Christian writers have continued to say that God can be called " Dad " as saying that it is too casual and disrespectful. Interestingly , the authors Christian feminists have had a serious problem with the idea of ​​God as a man and has written several critical works .

While most of the contemporary church , just repeat the above and popular theology based on this [
See the article "Fatherhood of God" in the Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology Baker] , was severely criticized . Mary Rose D'Angelo strong evidence against it in his article " Abba and 'Father' : Imperial Theology and the Jesus traditions [Mary Rose D'Angelo , Journal of Biblical Literature , vol . 111 , No. 4 (Winter 1992 ) , pp. 611-630 . Published by: Society of Biblical Literature] Several Jewish writers as Alon Goshen - Gottstein [See "God the Father in rabbinic Judaism and Christianity : History processed or common ground ? " Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 38:4 , Spring 2001] and Gerald Friedlander [See " Jewish Sources of the Sermon on the Mount " , published by Kessinger Publishing, LLC ( January 11, 2005 ) ] provided evidence that the rabbis and Jews use " abba " for God.

S. Vernon McCasland , University of Virginia wrote : " The term " Abba , Father " only appears three times in the New Testament ... ( It) is a challenge due to the way the translators challenged from the beginning until today . 27 translations I consulted below illustrate the problem ... Almost without exception , simply transcribed. Abba But not a word in English or Latin, German , French or Spanish , and no player in most cases , unless becomes a Semitist could do more than make a rough estimate of what it means . He strikes the unwary as a player incomprehensible incantation magic formula . Most translators have left after being accused of a deadly mana " . [
See " Abba , Father " by S. Vernon McCasland , Journal of Biblical Literature , vol . 72 , No. 2 ( June 1953) , pp. 79-91 . Published by the Society of Biblical Literature]

Rabb Quran
When we turn to the Quran , which says that God , or son , or God is a father. Many Christians when they hear of me , they think we have no relationship with God that Christians refer to God in human terms of father and son. They see Christians as having a "personal" relationship with Jesus and the Father , but " Allah " appears to be a remote control for them.

The relationship of Muslims with God is expressed in Rabb , or more correctly ar - Rabb , one of the most oft-repeated names of God in the Quran , the Muslim scripture . This is the most common name invokes God by the prophets and the prayer of mercy. The name is clear in its meaning and beautifully captures the deep relationship with God .

Linguistically , according to Ibn Faris [
Abu Ahmad al- Husayn b . Faris b . Zakariyyah b . Muhammad b . Habib became known for his expertise as " Lexicographer / Linguist " ( al- lughawi ) . For the title of his book, which incorporates the concept of "law of the tongue" , which can be considered the "father of linguistics. " Studied at Qazvin , gained prominence in Hamadan and died in Ray in 395 H ( 1004 / 1005 CE). The main contribution of Ibn Faris is in his important works in the areas related to the etymology , philology , lexicography and linguistics , as

( I) The book on the principles of language ( Kitab al- Maqa'is Lugh )

( Ii) The Book of General Language / Synthesis ( al- Kitab al- fi mujmal Lugh )

(Iii ) Al- Sahibi ( The law of the language and customs of the language and customs of the Arabs in their speech ) . ( Http :/ / islamicencyclopedia.org/public/index/topicDetail/id/107 )
the ancient Arabs used the word Rabb said :

· Fixing what's broken and keep . Rabb is the master creator and maintainer .

· Approaching something.

· Join with something else.

In the Qur'an , Rabb word when applied to God means [
Shar 'IL - Allahi Ta'ala Asma al - Husna by Dr. Hassa al- Saghir , p . 123-125 ] :

1) Rabb is the Master that has no equal , a Master completely surrounding their creation with their gifts . [
cf . Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir Ibn Jarir]

2) Rabb is to promote the creation , but that is not his father. Rabb feeds his people , taking them from one stage of life to another , showering his blessings , and continued throughout his life. Rabb provides its creation with their livelihoods as he alone controls the treasures of the heavens and the earth.

3) Rabb feeds the heart , the soul and character of his family [
Taysir al- Karim al- Rahman , vol5 , p . 485] The prayers of the prophets and the pious in the Koran that calls on the name Rabb made ​​it clear the meaning .

Abraham's prayer: "O my Rabb , grant me wisdom and join me with the righteous ( I join their ranks ) . " ( Quran 26:83 )

Pio Prayer : "O my Rabb , forgive ( sins ) and mercy (to us) No doubt , you are the best of those who show mercy " ( Quran 23:118 ) ..

Please Adam and Eve : " O our Rabb , it hurts , and if you are not going to forgive we shall certainly be of the losers " ( Qur'an 7:23 ) .

Please Noah : "O my Rabb , my parents and I forgive you. " ( Quran 71:28 )

Finally , the word ar - Rabb is repeated in the Qur'an as the Rabb of " all worlds " , "all" , "Moses and Aaron " , "the great throne " , " heaven and earth " and " East and West.

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