How Do We Know God is One ? A Philosophical and Theological Perspective - (1)

Thursday, November 7, 2013
 The existence of God and His Oneness is known by reason and revelation.

Explain why there must be a cause of the existence of the universe and that this issue should be

One of the most common questions asked during the course of Islamic education was " If God exists , why do we have to believe that one ? " This is important because it addresses a fundamental concept in Islamic theology , the concept of unity of God . The oneness of God, Tawhid in Arabic, is a central theme in the Quran and the message of all the prophets . God}}} Quran eloquently describes the nature of God and its uniqueness in Chapter 112: " Say: He is God, the only God is the one in which all creation depends for its livelihood spawned no, no ... No one generates comparable to him. " Perspective}}}

Before you begin to answer the question , it is important to add that the concept of unity in Islam is not limited to the uniqueness and oneness of God . One}}} There are many aspects of this concept that involves how humans should worship God, must understand how his lordship , and how to include the names and attributes of God . It does not stop there, as these ideas become the world view and perspective of an individual, as a famous thinker wrote subcontinent : Perspective}}}

" A believer in this ... can never be limited in its perspective . He believes in a God who is the Creator of heaven and earth , the Lord of the East and the West and Sustainer of the whole universe . According to this belief , not you consider anything in the world as a stranger to himself. God}}} he looks everything in the universe as belonging to the same Lord himself belongs . their sympathy for the love and service is not limited to an area or a particular group. One}}} their vision expands, his intellectual horizon widens, and his gaze becomes as liberal and as boundless as the kingdom of God. How this breadth of vision and breadth of vision can be achieved by an atheist , a polytheist or one who believes in a god supposed to possess limited and defective powers like a man? " Perspective}}}

In light of this, there are several ways to answer the question about the uniqueness and oneness of God , providing a positive case for the unity of God , and they range from theological to philosophical arguments . One}}} I will present the following five arguments :

1) Occam 's razor ' s

2) logical argument

3) conceptual differentiation

4) Uniqueness

5 ) Apocalypse
Occam's Razor ' s

The Quran rhetorically asks the question " the universe came from nothing ? " The answer seems pretty obvious from the undeniable logic and metaphysics that whatever begins to exist has a cause, and since I started the universe exists, which must have a cause . One}}} would be unreasonable to ask for more of a cause for the universe as an infinite regress of causes is impossible. the reasons are actually infinite absurdity of existing in reality, consider the following examples, Perspective}}}

1) You have an infinite number of people in a room , if I take away two , how was it ? The response is lower than the two infinite. But is it logical? If less than an infinite number of people in a room , you should be able to count the number in the real world. But you can not , in other words, the infinite has no meaning in the real world . In light of this mathematical state Kasman and Newman "endless certainly does not exist in the same sense that we say : " There are fish in the sea "  God}}}

2 ) Imagine that I am a soldier and I want to make an enemy . Take me, I must ask permission from the soldier behind me to shoot, but you have to ask permission from the soldiers behind him to shoot, now imagine that goes on forever , that is, an infinite amount of time? Will I shoot the enemy ? The obvious answer is obvious. Similarly an infinite regress of causes for the universe would mean no life in the universe , in the first place. God}}}

So the conclusion that the universe has a single uncaused cause seems quite plausible independent , but you can always ask a plurality of causes occur simultaneously . Is this a valid argument ? I think there is a strong argument if we considered Ockham 's razor . Ockham 's razor is a philosophical principle attributed to the 14th century logician and Franciscan friar William of Ockham . He goes first "is not sinusoidal ponenda Pluralitas require " English " Plurality should not be raised without necessity. " In other words , the simplest explanation is the most complete and best explanation . God}}}

Essentially this means that in the absence of any evidence or lack of need for a plurality of reasons , we have to keep the explanation simple full . In this case , we have no evidence to say that the cause of the universe is actually a combination of two , three or even thousands of reasons to explain the easiest and most complete is that this cause is . Apply a plurality of causes does not add to the completeness of the discussion. In other words , to add more causes not improve the explanatory power or scope of the discussion. For example , say that the universe was caused by a powerful also full because that statement is due to two powerful causes everyone. Due to a powerful cause is all that is necessary, simply because it is powerful. God}}}

A statement that the argument is that if we apply this principle to the Egyptian pyramids adopt the absurd view that was made by one person . However, it is a misapplication of the principle . Given that the pyramids were built by a person is not actually the simplest explanation and more complete because it raises many more questions than answers. For example , how a man can build the pyramids ? It is much wider for application was built by many men. God}}} In light of this, one can say that the universe is so complex that it would be absurd to suppose that it was created by one person . This statement , while true , is misplaced . A powerful being created the entire universe is a more consistent and easier than a plurality of causes much explanation . God}}} Now , critical and can still claim that the pyramids could then have been built by an all-powerful . But the problem is that there is nothing in the universe is an all-powerful , and that the pyramids were built by an efficient cause ( a person or persons acting ) continues to be the same type of case. God}}}

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