Sunna : The secondary source of Islam

Wednesday, January 8, 2014
The religion of Islam is based on Quran ( Word of God) and the Sunnah ( teachings and attributes of the Prophet Muhammad ) . 
Sunna : The secondary source of Islam
The term Sunnah comes from the root word sanna , which means opening the way or make a path easily passable , so it becomes a commonly followed worldwide means that henceforth .
And Sunnah can be used to describe a street or a road or a path in which people , animals and cars are moving. In addition , you can apply to a prophetic way , ie , the law that they brought and taught as an explanation or clarification of a book revealed by God.
Islam source
Normally , the prophetic way includes references to his words , actions , physical characteristics and personality traits.

Islamic standpoint , Sunnah refers to anything narrated or related about the Prophet Muhammad , peace and blessings of God be upon him , authentically attributed to him on his speech , actions , traits, and silent approvals. Islam source
Each story consists of two parts: the isnad and Metn . The isnad refers to a chain of people who reported a particular narrative . The matn is the text of the story itself. The isnad must include honest and sincere individuals whose integrity is unquestionable.
The speech of the Prophet Muhammad
The speech of the Prophet Muhammad refers to his words. 

For example, he said : Islam source
"Actions are judged by intentions , and each will be rewarded according to his / her intention . So whoever migrates for the sake of God and His Prophet then his migration is seen as a migration for the love of God and His Prophet . Instead , one who migrates only to obtain something of this world or to marry a woman , migration will be worth what I expected . " ( Sahih al- Bukhari)
The Prophet also said :
Islam source
"Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should say something good or remain silent. "

The above two statements clearly show that the Prophet uttered these words. Therefore, these are known as speech . Islam
Actions of the Prophet Muhammad
His actions relate to everything he did , as authentically reported by the Companions ( Companions ) . For example , Hudhayfah reported that when the Prophet got up at night, cleaning the teeth with a toothpick . Aisha also narrated that the Prophet loved to do everything from the right side - putting on shoes , walk , clean, and in all his affairs in general.
Silent approvals of Prophet Muhammad 
Islam source
His silent approvals on different issues deemed not to oppose their custody or what you have seen, heard or knew of the actions or words of their peers. Once, for example , the Prophet learned of the actions of some of his fellow classmates. Shortly after the Battle of Khandaq , the Prophet Muhammad ordered the Companions to move quickly to the tribe of Banu Quraydah , encouraging them to hurry so that perhaps they would pray Asr ( late afternoon prayer ) there.
Islam source
Some of the companions of the Prophet responded immediately and left without praying 'Asr . They arrived after sunset, and camped prayed Asr - after sunset. At the same time , another group of Companions formulated their judgment differently.

They thought that the Prophet merely encouraging them to hasten their destination, instead of delaying Asr until sunset. As a result , they decided to stay in Madinah until they had prayed Asr . Islam source
Immediately after , hastened towards the tribe of Banu Quraizah . When the Prophet said of how each group reacted differently to his announcement way , said the two sentences.
The physical and moral characteristics of the Prophet Muhammad
All authentically reported from the Prophet's complexion and other physical characteristics are also included in the definition of the Sunnah. Umm Ma'bad described what he saw of the great Prophet . She said :
Islam source

"I saw a man, a face radiant shine bright , not too thin or too fat, elegant and beautiful. His eyes had a deep black tone with long eyelashes. His voice was pleasant and his long neck . Had a thick beard . Their long black eyebrows were well arched and connected. quietly, he remained dignified , commanding the greatest admiration and respect. when he spoke, his speech was brilliant. of all people was the most beautiful and pleasant, even when approximates the distance . Personally , he was unique and admirable. Islam source Sunna

Graced with eloquent logic, his speech was moderate. their logical arguments were well organized , as if they were a chain of precious stones. it was not too high or too low but exactly in the middle . between the three , seemed brighter and more vibrant. had companions who affectionately honored . When he spoke listen carefully . When he gave orders, they were quick to execute. gathered around him guarding him . pursed brow or never speak lightly. " (Hakim )
With his physical characteristics , his colleagues also described his habits and behavior of people . Once Anas
Islam source Sunna

"I served the Prophet of Allah, peace be upon him, for ten years. During this time, he never told me as much as " Wow " if I did something wrong . Never asked me if I had failed to do something ," Why not you? " He never told me if I did something wrong , " Why did you? " Sunna Islam
From the above we can clearly see that when the term sunnah appears in a general context refers to the Prophet Muhammad knows nothing about the Prophet informed and genuinely attached to it. Once a Muslim learns authenticity of any narration that he / she is required to follow and obey accordingly. This obedience is mandated by Allah as He says:
Islam source
"...And obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn away when I heard ( talk ) . " (Quran 8:20)
Sometimes , some Muslims are perplexed when people say that the Sunnah is something that is not recommended and mandatory. Thus, we conclude that we are required to follow the Quran and Sunnah not . This argument is a misunderstanding. Specialists in Islamic jurisprudence use the term Sunnah for what authentically established of Prophet Muhammad in acts that were not subsequently made ​​mandatory by God.
Islam source Sunna

They also argue that this includes any saying of the Prophet Muhammad in which encourages Muslims to do a particular task and compliments those who defend these attributes. So, for them , the term sunnah refers to what is " recommended " and is not mandatory ( fard or wajib)
From the above we can clearly see that the term Sunnah takes a different meaning when used by different Islamic disciplines.
Islam Sunna

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