Who are the Muslims ?

Friday, January 10, 2014
More than a  billion and a half  billion (1500 million) people of all races , nationalities and cultures - This part is an introduction to who Muslims are and their contribution to the world. Islamic
Muslims come from all races , nationalities and cultures across the world. They have varied languages, foods , clothing, and customs, and even the way you can practice different .

However, all consider themselves Muslims. God

Less than 15% of Muslims live in the Arab world ; fifth in sub-Saharan Africa, and the world's largest Muslim community is Indonesia. Large parts of Asia, and almost all the republics of Central Asia are Muslim . Significant Muslim minorities are found in China , India , Russia, Europe , North America and South America . Muslims
More than one billion and a half  billion people of all races , nationalities and cultures across the world are Muslims - in rice crops in Indonesia to the heart of African wilderness skyscrapers of New York to the Bedouin tents in Arabia.

How the expansion of Islam has influenced the world ?
The Muslim community has continued to grow after the death of the Prophet Muhammad . In a few decades , a large number of people across three continents , Africa , Asia and Europe - had chosen Islam as their way of life.
One reason for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the purity of its doctrine -Islam calls for faith in only one God . This, together with the Islamic concepts of equality, justice and freedom, has led to a united and peaceful community. People were free to travel from Spain to China without fear and without crossing borders.

Many Muslim scholars traveled to these cities in search of knowledge . They translated into Arabic volumes of philosophical and scientific works from Greek and Syriac languages ​​( the languages ​​of Eastern Christian scholars ) , Pahlavi ( the scholarly language of pre-Islamic Persia) , and Sanskrit ( ancient Indian language ) Islamic
As a result, Arabic became the language of scholarship in the world and people migrated from all over the world to study in Muslim colleges.
In 850, the most philosophical and scientific Aristotle , Plato and many of the school of Pythagoras works, and major works of Greek astronomy, mathematics and medicine such as the Almagest of Ptolemy, the Elements of Euclid, and the works Hippocrates and Galen , were rendered into Arabic. During the next 700 years, Arabic became the world's largest and deposition of much of the wisdom and knowledge of ancient scientific language.
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The realization of the researchers working in the Islamic tradition went far beyond translation and preservation of ancient knowledge . These scholars built on the ancient heritage with their own scientific progress. These events were a direct cause of the Renaissance in Europe.

Muslims excelled in art, architecture , astronomy , geography, history, language , literature , medicine , mathematics and physics. Many crucial systems such as algebra , the Arabic numerals, and the concept of zero ( vital to the advancement of mathematics) , were formulated by Muslim scholars and shared with medieval Europe. Muslims invented sophisticated instruments that made future European voyages of discovery possible : the astrolabe , the quadrant , and detailed navigational charts . Muslims God
Muslim contributions to science
Muslims have always had a special interest in astronomy . The moon and sun are of vital importance in the daily life of every Muslim. By the moon, Muslims determine the beginning and end of the lunar month . By the sun the Muslims calculate the times for prayer and fasting. It is also through astronomy that Muslims can determine the precise direction of the Qiblah , to face the Kaaba in Mecca during prayer.

The Qur'an contains many references to astronomy. Islamic
"The heavens and the earth were ordered rightly , and were subject to man , including the sun , moon , stars , day and night. Every heavenly body moves in an orbit that is entrusted by God and turns away from make the universe a cosmos whose life and existence orderly , decline and expansion, are determined entirely by the Creator. " (Quran 30:22 ) Islamic
These references , and the injunctions to learn, inspired the early Muslim scholars to study the heavens . They integrated the earlier works of the Indians, Persians and Greeks into a new synthesis . Ptolemy 's Almagest (the title as we know it is Arabic ) was translated , studied and criticized. Many new stars were discovered , as we see in their Arabic names - Algol , Deneb , Betelgeuse , Rigel, Aldebaran . Astronomical tables were compiled , among them the tables of Toledo, which were used by Copernicus , Tycho Brahe and Kepler. Also compiled were almanacs - another Arabic term . Other terms from Arabic are zenith , nadir , albedo , azimuth. Islamic

Muslim astronomers were the first to establish observatories , like the built Mugharah and invented instruments such as the quadrant and astrolabe, which led to advances not only in astronomy, but oceanic navigation , contributing to European exploration age. Islamic

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